Home    Vietnam Sourcing    Provinces and Cities    Ca mau

Ca mau

Area: 5,331.7 km2.

Topographic features: The province has topographic feature of river delta with many rivers and channels.

Population: 1,241,000 (Statistics yearbook of 2007)

- Natural resources: The province is endowed by nature with an endless fresh water resource including many rivers and chanels. It has various land resource include alluvial soil, alum soil, grey soil. The alluvial soil area accounts for over 50%, convenient for cultivation of vegetables, short term industrial crops and fruit trees. Besides, Đồng Tháp has various forest resources with over 10,000 hectares of cajuput forest. The province mineral resources include building sand, ceramic clay, kaolin and peat.

- Tourism resources: The province has many tourism areas as Gò Tháp, Xẻo Quýt vestige area, junior doctor Nguyễn Sinh Sắc mausoleum, national bird park of Tràm Chim, Tháp Mười, Tân Quy Đông flower village (Sa Đéc rose garden) etc. Besides, there are many inteprovincial tours from Hồ Chí Minh to Đồng Tháp, and from Đồng Tháp to An Giang, Cần Thơ, Vũng Tàu, Đà Lạt, Nha Trang etc.

- Human resources: Labour force accounts for 52% population with an annual increase of 27,000 – 2,000. Trained labor account for 9,5% population.  82,71% labor force are working in agriculture, 6,05% in industry and construction; 11,24% in service sector.

Mineral resources: Along the continental shelf and offshore area of Ca Mau Sea, there are some remarkable gas mines with big reserves of about 160 billion cubic meters, of which the Vietnam - Malaysia common area owns a reserves of about 45 million cubic meters. The works of exploitation and gas leading for the usage of Doc River, Ca Mau Province, and other regions would greatly contribute to the process of political, socio, and economic development of the province.

Land resources: The land resources of Ca Mau Province are newly formed, low, and swampy. More than 90 per cent of the total area contains hidden alum. Several heavily alumina areas are difficult to be improved for cultivation. Cà Mau has three soil types: alkaline soil, alum soil, and alkaline - alum soil. In general, soil condition is not convenient for agriculture.
Forest resources Ca Mau’s forest is salt marsh and alum logged. It has high biological productivity, protection value, and great value of environment and economy. Ca Mau’s mangrove swamp can be compared to other well-known mangrove swamps worldwide in term of area and production value. Forest and forestland account for about 31 per cent of total area of which forestland covers an area of 95,400 ha, occupying 18 per cent of total natural land. The salt marsh ecosystem is situated along the costal line of over 250 km with two specific flora communities namely mangrove, and cajuput. Despite the destruction of war and fire, specialized forests, river-basin forests, and bird fields are still protected, and developed for environment protection, and preservation of rarely, and precious flora gene source. Thus together with natural swamp forest, natural zoos of birds, many man-made forest plots, and bird fields have been set up. In general, the ecological system of cajuput, mangrove forest and Ca Mau’s river mouths is very sensitive to environment change during its development.

Transportation system: Transportation infrastructure in Cà Mau is quite convenient with three transportation means. Roadway: There are two important national roadways No.1A and No. 63 running through the province. Waterway: Cà Mau has 1,886 rivers and channels with over 6,000 km long; 700 km of which can allow the circulation of over 50 ton ships. Airway: There are flights from Ca Mau to Ho Chi Minh city four days per week.
Power supply system: The ratio of power supplied households increased from 7,2% (1995) to 36% (2002) and to 80% (2005). There is a provisional power plant with capacity of 2,100 KW.

Water supply system: The system in Cà Mau city can supply over 10 million m3 annually. The system has been upgraded to have annual capacity of 12 million m3 in 2005 - 2006. An independent water plant with capacity of 12,000 m3/day is being built to supply water for Gas - Electricity - Nitrogenous fertilizer complex and for Khánh An new urban area. Other places have water supply systems with total capacity of 15,500 m3/day.

Post and telecommunication system: The system includes 50 post offices, 38 communal post points. Delivery of post parcels inside province and to other provinces is always stable and timely. There are active optical cable connecting to 15 telecommunication stations. There are over 160,000 telephone sets - equivalent to 13 set in 100 persons.

Map of Viet Nam

Provinces and Cities