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Lam Dong

Geographical location

Lam Dong is a mountainous province in the South of the Central Highlands with geographic coordinates of 11˚12'- 12˚15 ' north latitude and 107˚45' east longitude. Lam Dong is located at an average elevation of 800 - 1500m above sea ​​water. To the North and North West of the province border Dak Lak and Dak Nong provinces. To the South and East border two provinces of Binh Thuan and Ninh Thuan respectively. To the east and southeast are Ninh Thuan and Khanh Hoa respectively. And to the West and Southwest are Binh Phuoc and Dong Nai respectively. With an area of ​​9,773.54 km2, Lam Dong has 12 administrative units, including 02 cities (Da Lat, Bao Loc) and 10 districts (Duc Trong, Don Duong, Di Linh, Lam Ha, Bao Lam, Huoai Da, Da Teh, Cat Tien, and Dam Rong). The population in 2013 was 1,246,193 people.


Lam Dong has road system and air transport; the highways of 20, 27, 28, and 55 connect Lam Dong with the South East region, Ho Chi Minh City, and the provinces in the Central Highlands. The provincial Roads of 721, 722, 723, 724, and 725 connect to Khanh Hoa with Lam Dong and the South Central Coastal provinces.

Lam Dong is 230 km away from Thi Vai Port and Cai Mep Ba Ria Vung Tau, 220 km from Bien Hoa City - Dong Nai, 300km from Saigon Port, and 300km Ho Chi Minh City following Highway 20, 130 km from Cam Ranh port, 140 km from Nha Trang - Khanh Hoa following Road 723, 700km from Danang, and 200 km from Buon Ma Thuot city following Highway 27.

Regarding airways, Lien Khuong Airport City, 30km south of Da Lat, has been upgraded to a world standard airport, which can expand routes to countries in the region. At the moment, the airport is exploiting existing airports for flights to and from Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, and Da Nang. Recently, the provincial government has submitted a report to the Central Government and the Ministry of Transport to open more international and other local routes to contribute to promoting and facilitating trade activities and tourism development in the future.

The power system, water system, and telecommunications are available to fulfill their daily needs, production and other activities in society.

Moreover, the traffic conditions of Lam Dong have been gradually perfected. The road system to Lam Dong from Ho Chi Minh City, Nha Trang, Phan Thiet, Phan Rang, Dak Lak, and Dak Nong have been steadily expanded and upgraded.

Natural resources

The soil and climate in Lam Dong are suitable for agricultural production, development of seedlings originating from regions of temperate and subtropical zones. The region is good to diversify crops, thus giving high yield and good quality products. Agricultural products are the basis for the development of processing industries and service. Lam Dong has 8 different types of land. Areas with less than 25 degree angle account for above 50 %. The soil in Lam Dong is quite fertile, including 200,000 hectares of volcanic soil with a distribution relatively on flat terrain in the highlands of Bao Loc - Di Linh, which is suitable for the cultivation of perennial industrial crops.

Lam Dong Water Resources are extensive, with river systems being rather thick, resulting in huge hydropower potential. Despite difficulties, Lam Dong has focused on investment in infrastructure, serving as a prerequisite for socio-economic development. Currently, the road system has come to all residential areas to meet most requirements of the people's movement. The power supply is stable, including Da Nhim hydropower plant with a capacity of 160 MW, Suoi Vang hydropower plant with a capacity of 3,500 KW. In addition, there are other plants, including the diesel plant in Bao Loc, Di Linh, Can Rang, with a total capacity of 4165 kW system, which is ready to support the power system when needed. The electric system is spread to the most neighborhoods, with 80 % of the communes having electricity. The postal and telecommunications system is quite modern, meeting the requirements of socio-economic development of the local areas.

The drinking water system provided in urban areas has gradually been built and upgraded. In Dalat, Suoi Vang water plant, with relatively modern water treatment technology, is capable of supplying 30,000 m3 / day, ensuring sufficient supply of drinking water for civil and industrial demand; the water supply systems in other residential areas, e.g. towns, villages, are sufficient for daily and industrial usage.

The irrigation works are focused on building for irrigation for rice, vegetables and perennial plants. To date, the province runs over 180 large and small irrigation schemes, with designed irrigation capacity of 12,000 ha, including such large-scale projects as Da Teh and Quang Hiep.

Lam Dong has 676,236 hectares of forest land, of which 617,000 ha with trees accounting for a reserve of about 50 million m3. Lam Dong forest falls into the category of biodiversity; there are over 400 species of trees, including many rare types of forest products.

With the annual exploitation of round wood of about 20,000-30,000 m3, Lam Dong has a lot of potential in the wood processing industry for exports. Sources of bamboo in Dong are abundant, and the vacant land being capable of planting trees for materials is around 50,000-70,000 ha, which is promising for the development of industrial pulp and paper processing.

Lam Dong owns many kinds of minerals, such as bauxite, bentonite, gemstones, kaolin - fire clay, lignite, diatomaceous earth, clay, tin, paving stones, etc., of which bauxite/aluminum, kaolin, and bentonite are capable of being exploited with industrial scale.

+ Aluminum: Reserves being 1,234 million tons distributed in Bao Loc, Bao Lam, and Di Linh, in which Bao Loc mine accounts for 378 million tons and Tan Rai mine accounts for a reserves of 736 million tons of quality ore.

+ Kaoline: Reserves being 520 million tons, with good quality being suitable for the manufacture of refractory materials.

+ Bentonite: Tam Bo mine in Di Linh has a promising potential of having reserves of 4 million tons with good quality.

+ Clay: The resource of clay is abundant and widely distributed; there are many advantages to build Tunnel brick factories.

Lam Dong now owns two industrial zones, Loc Son industrial zone in Bao Loc city (with a size of 400 ha), and Phu Hoi industrial zone, in Duc Trong district (with a size of 200 ha); there are 14 industrial clusters, including Phat Chi industrial Cluster (in Dalat ), Ka Do industrial Cluster (in Don Duong), Tan Chau industrial Cluster (in Di Linh), Gia Hiep Industrial Cluster (in Di Linh), Dinh Van Industrial Cluster (in Lam Ha), Loc Phat industrial Cluster ( Bao Loc ), Loc Tien industrial Cluster (inn Bao Loc ), Loc Thang industrial Cluster (in Bao Lam), Loc An industrial Cluster (in Bao Lam), Da The industrial Cluster (in Da Teh), Ha Lam industrial Cluster (in Da Huoai),Da Huoai industrial Cluster (in Da Huoai), Duc Pho industrial Cluster (Cat Tien), Da Rsal industrial Cluster (in Dam Rong). All of these are to prepare the infrastructure to support projects of investment in the province.

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