Home    Vietnam Sourcing    Provinces and Cities    Lao Cai

Lao Cai

Geography : Lao Cai Province is located in the north of the country. It is bordered by the provinces of Ha Giang, Yen Bai, Son La, Lai Chau and Yunnan province of the People's Republic of China.
Lao Cai is a mountainous region. In the northwest of the province is Phan Xi Pang (a.k.a. Fansipan), Vietnam's highest mountain. The province is divided in two parts by the Red River , the most significant river of northern Vietnam, which flows out of China towards the capital city of Ha Noi. Most area of the province is heavily forested. The temperature generally ranges between 18° and 28°, although lowland areas tend to have less variation than mountainous areas.

Area : 6,383.9 km²

Topographic features : Lao Cai is situated in the valley of Red river and Chay river with high mountain ranges, creating strongly partitioned topography. Its average high above sea level level varies from 80m to 3,000, typically the Hoang Lien Son mountain range with Fan xi pan top of 3,143m above sea level.
Administrative unit: Lao Cai is divided into Lao Cai city and 8 districts: Bao Thang, Bat Xat, Bac ha, Muong Khuong, Sapa, Si Ma Cai and Van Ban. 

Population: 593.600 people
"Transportation system: Unlike other mountainous provinces, the province’s has a various transportation network including roadway, railway, and waterway. Now there are 4 national highways running through the province with the total length of 356km (National highways No. 70, 4D, 4E, 279). Besides, the rail line Hanoi-Lao Cai is linked to China. Despites of its limitation in waterway, Lao Cai has advantages for economic development thanks to its roadway and railway system.

Power supply system : The province’s power network has been improved. Lao Cai power authority is in charge of managing 55 km of double-circuit 100 kV, 27 single-circuit 100kV, 1,326 km of 0.4-35 kV including 706km of 35 kV, 2 100 kV transmission stations, 6 intermediary stations and 306 distribution transmission stations of all kinds.

Water supply and drainage system: Up to the year 2005, Lao Cai has Clean Water Enterprise No. 1, and 7 water supply stations in 6 districts: Bao Thang, Bao Yen, Sa Pa, Van Ban, Si Ma Cai, Bat Xat and in Cam Duong. Besides there are several enterprises operating in consultancy, construction of water drainage system. The total number of local commodity water is 3,393,000 m3 in 2004 supplying water to 60,000 persons 24/24h.
Post-telecommunication system: Postal services are available in centers of districts/townlets/communes in the province with over 300 post offices, nearly 100 commune cultural postal points. The telecommunication system has been developed with digital microwave and optical cable equipment. Telephones are used in 148/164 communes/wards/townlets. Mobile phones can be reached in 5/8 districts and Lao Cai city"
Sectors’ development plan:

            + Services: with its strength of a key point in the Northern west economic zone, Lao Cai will continue developing its multi-sectorial trade-service system, trade in urban areas, rural market network, goods specialized zones. In addition to this, Lao Cai will make plan for comprehensive development of tourism services, investing in infrastructure construction, conserving and upgrading places of interest together with diversifying its tourism services, developing unique, specialized ones, investing in human resource development, improving tourism management.

            + Agriculture-Forestry-Fishery: For the period 2006 - 2010, agriculture in Lao Cai will be developed with focus on quality, ensuring sustainable development. Lao Cai’s plan for forestry development will focus on changing forestry exploitation to effective socialization in forestry, developing small and medium size forestry processing industry using proper technology and centred materials zones.

            + Industry: Priorities will be given to developing industry-small scaled industry with focus on
mineral exploitation and processing, construction material production, construction of small-medium scaled industry zones, agricultural-forestry processing and preservation, medical plant growing, ensuring product purchasing sources for farmers’ crops, establishing goods centred zones, developing rural power supply network, hydro-electricity and other kinds of energy, restoring traditional professional villages, establishing professional villages producing handicrafts for export

Map of Viet Nam

Provinces and Cities