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Phu Tho

Phu Tho- the ancient capital city of Van Lang nation- is adjacent to the Red river Delta, Northeast and Northwest of Vietnam. It is located at the centre of Vietnam’s western Northeast.

Area: 3.519.65 km2

Topography : A salient point in Phu Tho topography is a intensive division at the end of the Hoang Lien Son Range where is a transition areas between high and low mountain with hills and mounds from a gradual height slowing from the western north to eastern south with a total highland making up more than 64 per cent of the total natural areas and rivers making up 4.1 per cent. According to its topography,  Phu Tho may be divided into 3 main sub-regions.

- The southern mountain sub-region: includes districts of Yen Lap, Thanh Son and part of Cam Khe at an average height of 200m – 500m above the sea level. It is a region with much potential for forestry development and natural mineral resources exploitation.

- The midland sub-region: includes Phu Tho Township, districts of Cam Khe, Doan Hung, Thanh Ba, Ha Hoa and a part of districts of Phu Ninh, Tam Nong and Thanh Thuy. This region has a special topography with low hills and mounds of 50m – 200m intermixing with field’s slopes. It is very convenient for industrial and fruit planting.

- The delta sub-region: includes the Viet Tri city, Lam Thao district and part of the neighbouring district. It has special topography with ancient alluvial soil and field along the rivers suitable for cultivation, livestock rising and aquaculture development. Some areas with low mounds and fairy even and flat terrain are suitable for building industry zones and social economic infrastructure.

In short, Phu Tho has alternative topography with mountain, midland and delta proving preferable conditions for a comprehensive economic development. However, an intensive division has caused some financial difficulties for taking the potentials in infrastructure development particularly are more expense on transportation, irrigation and electricity.

Administration units : Phu Tho has 13 district, city and township (the Viet Tri city, Phu Tho Township and 11 districts of Thanh Son, Yen Lap, Cam Khe, Tam Nong, Thanh Thuy, Ha Hoa, Thanh Ba, Doan Hung, Lam Thao, Phu Ninh and Tan Son) with 273 communes and wards of which 214 are in mountain minority areas. Viet Tri city is the province’s economic and politic centrer

 Natural resources

a. Pedology: pedological study shows that Phu Tho has 22 types of soil but it can be concluded in 12 main types and divided into 4 groups:

- The gold red feralit soil appears on degraded rock such as clay schist, Mica and Gnai schist… making up about 33 per cent of the total province’s soil areas. This is a type of mountain soil at average height of 100m. As a thick layer of soil, this type has heavy mechanical content with good humidity reservation and high fertile rate relevant for long-term industrial planting and at present very popular in district of Thanh Son, Yen Lap and Doan Hung.

- The mountain feralit soil group makes up 30 per cent of the natural areas and exists in sloping mountain on the thin layer surface of soil. It is suitable for forest planting and replanting. This type of soil is distributed in mountain areas of Thanh Son, Yen Lap and north of Ha Hoa districts.

- Ancient alluvial soil makes up 9.2 per cent and is usually hills at an average height of 50 – 80m. As it has low sloping and fertile rate, it is suitable for forest planting, long-term fruit trees and building industrial zones.

- The extended and centre-slope alluvial soil is relevant for foodstuff plants and short-term rice. With such feature of land, the management has been organized as follow:

               + Land for agricultural production: 94,960.98 ha

               + Land for forest planting: 148,885.67

               + Water surface area for aqua culture raising: 2,552.5 ha

- Non-agricultural land: 47,319.4 ha including:

                + Specializing land: 24,988.15 ha

                + Rivers and streams: 14,596.07 ha

                + Housing land: 7,735.18 ha of which land in city making up 10.25 per cent

- Unused land: 58,246.72 ha including:

                + Flat land: 2,234.99 ha

                + Mountain land: 54,574.21 ha

                + Rock land: 1,437.52 ha

b. Water sources: very rich and plentiful with 5 large rivers running through: Chay, Hong, Da, Lo and Bua and 41 branches providing adequate water for irrigation throughout the province. Moreover, Phu Tho has 130 small stream and thousands of lakes and ponds full of fresh water and distributing all over the territory. Underground water sources with high content are allocating in many districts such as the Lam Thao, Doan Hung and Phu Tho Township.

c. Mineral resources: Phu Tho is rich of natural mineral resources of both contents and sorts. According to a recent geological survey in the province, there are 215 mines and ores among which 20 mines have large, medium and small contents and other 143 are ore points. Mineral sources including mica, kaolin, and fenspat can be found in districts of Thanh Thuy, Tam Nong and Ha Hoa while iron, talc, quaczit and barit can be found in Thanh Son.

Phu Tho has popular mineral ores that are known all over the country. They are:

- Kaolin – fenspat (discovered in 49 mines with content estimated over 20 million tone)

- Rock for construction (found in 55 areas with content estimated nearly 940 million cu.m). Areas with high content include the Yen Mao in Thanh Thuy district, Huong Can in Thanh Son district, Ninh Dan in Than Ba district... This rock contents can enable for building cement factory with large scale.

- Large sources of sand and gravel from many rivers and streams (will content estimated of over 100 million cu.m) specially can be found in Lo river with high quality and content meeting demands of construction in the province and other neighbouring areas.

- Mineral water sources and heat water at 370C – 430C are found in Thanh Thuy district."

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