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Tra Vinh

Geographical location

Tra Vinh is a province in the Mekong Delta. The geographical location limits from 9031’46’’ to 10004’5” Northern latitude and from 105057’16” to 106036’04” eastern longitude.
- Bordered with Vinh Long province in the north and north western.
- Bordered with Ben Tre province in the east, sharing Co Chien River.
- Bordered with Soc Trang province in the west, sharing Hau River.
- Bordered with East Sea in the south and south eastern with more than 65 kilometers of coastal line.
The central township located on the Highway No.53, 200 kilometers far from Ho Chi Minh City and 100 kilometers far from Can Tho City. Total natural area is 2,225 square kilometers, accounted for 5.63% area of the Mekong Delta and 0.67% area of the whole country. Tra Vinh province has 7 districts and one township, namely Cang Long, Tieu Can, Cau Ke, Chau Thanh, Tra Cu, Cau Ngang, Duyen Hai districts and Tra Vinh Township.

 Area: 222,515.03 hectares

Natural resources

Forest and forest-land in Tra Vinh province spread on an area of 24,000 hectares along 65 km coastline, including the whole Duyen Hai district, My Long commune (northern, southern) of Cau Ngang district and Don Chau, Don Xuan communes of Tra Cu district.
Land areas covered with forest are 13,080 hectares, of which: cypress forest accounted for 640 hectares; mangrove 742 hectares; salty-flooded forest 50 hectares; eucalyptus forest 100 hectares; mangrove palm 4,159 hectares; date-palm forest 605 hectares; non-fertilized forest 6,784 hectares.
Non-forest areas accounted for 10,884 hectares, of which: bushes 6,937 hectares; unoccupied land 2,809 hectares; warp 1,138 hectares.
In the past, the forest was thick with many valuable forestry products, not only meet the demand of the local people but also export to neighbouring areas. Nowadays, the area of forest has been reduced significantly. The natural forest only includes pure cypress, most of area of forests has been become unoccupied land or scattered, wood reserves are negligible, the ability to naturally recycle is low, protective role is weak.
Up to 1994, there had been only 6,120 hectares remained value, including 640 hectares of cypress, mangrove 580 hectares; avicennia 400 hectares; eucalyptus 100 hectares; leaves 4,400 hectares. 18,000 hectares forest land and scattered bushes accounted for 3.81% of natural area. Forestry land has been reduced because of excessive exploitation (blank chopping) and utilizing forest land to plant aquaculture. According to the geographical statistics in 1997, the forestry area remained only 9,004 hectares.
There are 73 types of fugitive plants belong to 5 branches, mostly concentrate on Silic seaweed industry and other seaweed groups originated from salt-water. The medium density reached 666/individual per litter. There are 48 types of ephemerous animal, those are in inshore areas reached an average of 15,600 individuals per cubic meter (varying from 4,000-34,000 individuals per cubic meter. The bottom fauna of the seawater area of Tra Vinh province is quite abundant.
The area of natural valley of the province is 21,265 hectares and about 98,597 hectares flooded from 3-5 months per year, the volume of inner field aquatic products is estimated at 3,000 – 4,000 tons, regularly exploit from 2,000-2,500 tons. The inshore aquaculture source of income includes that of river mouths, mangrove forests and inshore water area from the depth of 30-40 meters towards the land. The inshore source of fish includes 40 families, 78 varieties and 150 races of inshore sea fishes, brackish fishes and immigrant fishes. The volume of fish in the river mouth of Tra Vinh in 1994 was 62 tons (the river mouth), 274 tons of mid-layer and brackish fishes; that of salty and brackish areas were 9,063 tons. Total amount of fish of the river mouth and inshore area is 72,869 tons with the potential capacity of exploiting (50%) is 36,434 tons.
Dinh An shrimp ground with the area of about 20,000 hectares is one of five largest ones in the inshore line of the Mekong Delta. It is estimated that the reserves of shrimp at the two major grounds are 97-212 kilograms per hectare (Bac Cung Hau) and 64-249 kilogram per hectare (Dinh An river mouth), respectively; current total volume of salt-water shrimp of Tra Vinh is about 4,300 – 11,000 tons per year. There are 11 races of crayfishes, which stand behind salt-water shrimps in terms of economic value, in the valley area of Tra Vinh, including giant river prawn, egg-shrimp, little prawn, freshwater shrimp. Annually, it can be exploited 2,000-3,000 tons of cuttle, 35-49 tons of blood cookle and 168-210 tons of oyster.
Natural resources – Forest and land
Tra Vinh is located in the lower section of the Mekong Delta with the height of terrain from 0-5 meters. Geologically, the whole province is young sediment originated from river and sea alluvium, therefore, mineral reserves in Tra Vinh are mainly filling sand, not much building sand and little clay.
Building sand
Distributed in high mounds 3-3.5 meters, in the shape of arc and parallel with coastline, 5-10 kilometers long, 50-70 meters wide. By geological surveys on sand mounds in Phuoc Hung, the geological section is as following:
- Upper layer: whitely grey sand powder, of which powder accounts for 70% and sand 30%, the thickness is about 4 meters.
- Lower layer: smooth grain to medium grain, friable, 1.5-2 meter thick, mainly is quartz and mica. Percentage of components include:
 •    Medium grain sand (0.50 – 0.25 mm) = 3.4 %
 •    Small grain sand (0.25 – 1.10 mm) = 95.15%
•     Clay powder (under 0.10 mm) = 1.45%
Reserves of building sand in Phuoc Hung is about 810,000 cubic meters and used for construction.
Besides, there are also sand mounds in Duyen Hai and Cau Ngang districts
River sand
Preliminary surveys show that the section of Tien River bordered with Tra Vinh township has a small reserve, suitable to serve for filling up in construction and can exploit from 30,000 – 50,000 cubic meters per year.
As for Hau River side, most of mounds are mud. Sand is found in the area of Hoa Lac hamlet, Hoa Tan commune with small reserve that can exploit 30,000 cubic meters per year.

In 1996, while planning the geological – mineral map of the Southern delta, the Geological Group No.204 took samples at 4 palces: Tra Luot (2), Phuoc Hung (3), Tra Cu (5) and Cam Son (1). In these areas, people had exploited clay to produce brick at small scale of the reserves of 2.65 cubic meters in total but bricks were warped and heavy, not suitable to the demand of market, that made the brick industry in the area did not survive for long.
Mineral ingredients of clay are mainly Hydromica, then Monmorilnit and Kaolinit as the least.
Chemical components: of the sample taken in Tra Luot: SiO2 = 53,7 - 62,3%, Al2O2 = 17,5 - 19,1%, Fe2O3 = 4,3 - 13,0%, MKN = 7,6 - 9,1%
Clay contains little sand and much clay.
Chemical components of clay meet the requirements of the Ministry of Construction. In terms of mineral, clay contains much Hydromica that makes bricks easy to be warped, not suitable to produce tiles.
The suitable burning temperature is 9500C

Mineral water (Geothermy)
Mineral water mines are distributed in Long Toan townlet, Duyen Hai district. The Bicacbonat Natri component in water is quite high that reaches the national standards at the temperature of 38,50C and can exploit 2,400 cubic meters per day"

a. Roads
   It is about 200km far from Ho Chi Minh City along National Highway 51 and National Highway 53. The distance will be shortened to 120km if traveling on National Highway 1A and National Highway 60.
   The constructions of Rach Mieu Bridge and Ham Luong Bridge will be finished in period of 2008-2010 and the
Government has planned to build Co Chien Bridge.
   It is about 95km far from Can Tho City (Tra Noc Airport, Cai Cui Port) Tra Vinh district connect conveniently together by National Highway and provincial roads.

b. Riverway
   Co Chien River and Bassac River is able to accommodate ships with approximate loading capacity of 3,000 tons.
River Port, alongside Long Duc Industrial Zone, is able to accommodate ships with loading capacity of 2,500 tons.
   Seaway and seaport Construction of Quan Bo Chanh Canal shall be finished in October, 2008 to accommodate ships with loading capacity of 20,000 tons landing at Cai Cui Port (Can Tho).
   An international transshipment seaport on the Dinh An river will be built in 2010, accommodating ships with loading capacity of 10,000 20,000 tons.

c. Electricity
   Tra Vinh province is now supplied by the national electric system for daily life activities and production purposes.
   Merchandized electric output in 2006 was 221 million Kwh with the standby electric system of 480KW. By the year 2010,merchandized electric output will reach 425.5 million Kwh;and a new 60km-long 220kV electric transmission line together with a 220kV transformer station of 115MVA.
   Besides, an Electricity Center with 4,400MW capacity will be built by EVN in Duyen Hai District.

d. Water supply
   The water plant in Tra Vinh Town has a capacity of 18,000m3/day-night, which will be increased up to 36,000m3/
day-night. Besides, in every township and residential area in the province all have public water supply stations.
Post Telecommunications
   The post, telecommunications, internet services with international connections have been set up throughout
the province. Mobile phone operators such as Vinaphone,Mobifone, Viettel, EVN-Telecoms, Sfone have already
provided their services in the province.
e. Human resource
   The province has the population of 1.1 million, 30% of which are Khmer people. People of working age make up 63.66% of the population, of which 20% are skilled workers.
   Tra Vinh has 1 university that has training co-operations with Universities in Ho Chi Minh City and other international institutions, and training programs on human development of the province supported by the projects of
non-government organizations.Besides, it has system of colleges, vocational training schools, training centers of information technology and foreign languages, job centers, Indian international technology center NIIT, … that annually ensure to supply training workforce to meet the demands on labors of the province, and of other provinces and demands on labor export.
   Annually, the Tra Vinh University trains about 7,840 students and it also has training courses as company’s requests."

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